Reconciling the need for economic growth with the preservation of cultural and environmental heritage is a challenge to be faced on a daily basis.
The assessment of impacts and pressures on ecosystems from human activities must be developed on a solid scientific and technical basis, as suggested by the most modern management approaches, such as Ecosystem-based Management.
Following this approach and with the awareness that the environmental quality of a port affects the marine environment on very large spatial scales, pollution risk management must be shared on a transboundary basis.
GEREMIA has the general objective of training and supporting, with practical and innovative tools and solutions, those who have the responsibility of managing port waters.
The harmonization of the results of the different actions of the Project, which include modeling, monitoring and analysis of risk management procedures, leads to the preparation of a Decision Support System (DSS) developed for the port realities and easily exportable to different contexts, in addition to the pilot sites of the Project.
The DSS manages different levels of information and a large amount of data resulting from the union of the information collected during the monitoring campaigns and the results of numerical simulations for the prediction of the dynamics of pollutant dispersion within the port waters.
This tool represents a significant increase in the management skills of operators for prevention and intervention in case of environmental emergencies.
GEREMIA is not only an opportunity to propose management strategies, but also allows to implement pilot actions on different realities of our ports (Genoa, Toulon, Olbia and La Spezia) through the installation of both standard and innovative systems of wastewater containment and bioremediation.
In addition, during the Project, sampling and analysis of different matrices (sediment, water, mussels and fish) are carried out, leading to the development of a new integrated and weighted index of environmental quality, suitable for the specific and various port realities.
The information from the monitoring campaigns are then used to better implement the numerical modeling tools that are essential to support management in case of accidental events.